Bright, Sir Charles Tilston

SUBJECT AREA: Telecommunications
[br]
b. 8 June 1832 Wanstead, Essex, England
d. 3 May 1888 Abbey Wood, London, England
[br]
English telegraph engineer responsible for laying the first transatlantic cable.
[br]
At the age of 15 years Bright left the London Merchant Taylors' School to join the two-year-old Electric Telegraph Company. By 1851 he was in charge of the Birmingham telegraph station. After a short time as Assistant Engineer with the newly formed British Telegraph Company, he joined his brother (who was Manager) as Engineer-in-Chief of the English and Irish Magnetic Telegraph Company in Liverpool, for which he laid thousands of miles of underground cable and developed a number of innovations in telegraphy including a resistance box for locating cable faults and a two-tone bell system for signalling. In 1853 he was responsible for the first successful underwater cable between Scotland and Ireland. Three years later, with the American financier Cyrus Field and John Brett, he founded and was Engineer-in-chief of the Atlantic Telegraph Company, which aimed at laying a cable between Ireland and Newfoundland. After several unsuccessful attempts this was finally completed on 5 August 1858, Bright was knighted a month later, but the cable then failed! In 1860 Bright resigned from the Magnetic Telegraph Company to set up an independent consultancy with another engineer, Joseph Latimer Clark, with whom he invented an improved bituminous cable insulation. Two years later he supervised construction of a telegraph cable to India, and in 1865 a further attempt to lay an Atlantic cable using Brunel's new ship, the Great Eastern. This cable broke during laying, but in 1866 a new cable was at last successfully laid and the 1865 cable recovered and repaired. The year 1878 saw extension of the Atlantic cable system to the West Indies and the invention with his brother of a system of neighbourhood fire alarms and even an automatic fire alarm.
In 1861 Bright presented a paper to the British Association for the Advancement of Science on the need for electrical standards, leading to the creation of an organization that still exists in the 1990s. From 1865 until 1868 he was Liberal MP for Greenwich, and he later assisted with preparations for the 1881 Paris Exhibition.
[br]
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Knighted 1858. Légion d'honneur. First President, Société Internationale des Electriciens. President, Society of Telegraph Engineers \& Electricians (later the Institution of Electrical Engineers) 1887.
Bibliography
1852, British patent (resistance box).
1855, British patent no. 2,103 (two-tone bell system). 1878, British patent no. 3,801 (area fire alarms).
1878, British patent no. 596 (automatic fire alarm).
"The physical \& electrical effects of pressure \& temperature on submarine cable cores", Journal of the Institution of Electrical Engineers XVII (describes some of his investigations of cable characteristics).
Further Reading
C.Bright, 1898, Submarine Cables, Their History, Construction \& Working.
—1910, The Life Story of Sir Charles Tilston Bright, London: Constable \& Co.
KF

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bright, Sir Charles Tilston — ▪ British engineer born June 8, 1832, Wanstead, Essex, Eng. died May 3, 1888, Abbey Wood, near London  British engineer who superintended the laying of the first Atlantic telegraph cable.       In 1852 he became an engineer for the Magnetic… …   Universalium

  • Charles Tilston Bright — Sir Charles Tilston Bright Charles Tilston Bright c. 1858 Born 8 June 1832 Wanstead, Essex Died 3 May 1888( …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Tilston Bright — (8 de junio de 1832 – 3 de mayo de 1888), fue un ingeniero eléctrico Británico que supervisó el primer cable telegráfico trasanlántico, trabajo por el que fue ordenado caballero. Biografía Nació el …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles Tilston Bright — Sir Charles Tilston Bright (* 8. Juni 1832 in Wanstead, Grafschaft Essex; † 3. Mai 1888 in Abbey Wood, Grafschaft Kent) war ein englischer Elektrotechniker.[1] Charles Tilston Bright besuchte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bright — (spr. brait), 1) Timothy, der »Vater der englischen (und damit der modernen) Stenographie«, geb. 1550 zu Sheffield, gest. 1615 in Barwick. wurde 1574 Bachelor of medicine zu Cambridge, 1579 Dr. med., 1586 Arzt in Smithfield bei London, 1590… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Electoral district of Bright — Bright is an electorate for the South Australian House of Assembly. It covers southern coastal suburbs of Adelaide including Hove, Brighton, Seacliff, Seacliff Park, Marino, Hallett Cove, Lonsdale and O Sullivan Beach.The electorate was created… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Alexanderson, Ernst Frederik Werner Appleton, Sir Edward Victor Armstrong, Edwin Howard Ayrton, William Edward Bain, Alexander Bakewell, Frederick C …   Biographical history of technology

  • Redbridge — /red brij /, n. a borough of Greater London, England. 231,400. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       outer borough of London, on the northeastern perimeter of the metropolis, part of the historic county of Essex. The borough s name… …   Universalium

  • William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin — Infobox Scientist box width = 300px name = Lord Kelvin image width = 300px caption = William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (1824 1907) birth date = birth date|1824|6|26|df=y birth place = Belfast, Co. Antrim, Northern Ireland death date = death date… …   Wikipedia

  • David Salomons — Not to be confused with David Lionel Goldsmid Stern Salomons. Sir David Salomons, 1st Baronet (22 November 1797 – 18 July 1873) was a leading figure in the 19th century struggle for Jewish emancipation in the United Kingdom. He was the first… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.